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凯旋门074下载app送彩金ByTianJietang,ResearchTeamof"TransformingGrowthModelthroughTechnologicalAdvanceandInnovation",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicsResearchofDRCResearchReportNo205,2010ChinassoftwareindustryinrecentyearshasbeendevelopingexceptionallyfastandplayingimportantrolesinChina,thisindustrysdevelopmentalsoplaysirreplaceablerolesinenhancingindustrialinformatizationasElectronicInformationIndustryDuetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryin2009metdifficultiesindevelop%to5,%to2,,China%%%industrialshare,thesoftwareindustryhasbecomethemostpowerfwthIn2009,,%%sservicetradeexportpostedadramaticdecline,its,up35%,a10,000-square-meterlandspacecanattract1,000softwareengineersinindustrialbuildingsorinstandardpla,,whichisequivnassoftwarei,,theaverageprofitrateofChinassoftwareenterprisesisonly7%~8%,whichisfarlowerthanthe20%,thecorebusinessrevenueoflistedenterprisesaccountsforonly10%~15%ssoftwareserviceindustryasawholeis20%,whichisalsofarlowerthanthe40%profitrateinsomecountrieswheresoftwareindustryismature(quotedfromInvestinSoftwareIndustryWhenProspectsAreGoods,ChinaGuoxinWeeklyonTechnologicalIndustry,2008,9,1).TheInternationalDataCorporation(IDC),thesecondstageprojectmanagement,the,China,,andnearly70%~(IDC,WhitepaperonSoftwareCompanyGrowthRoadmap,2008,9).dustryCloudcomputingwillchange,itbreaksthetemporala,storage,broadban,theratioofasinglecomputerssystemsoftwareandintermediarycomponentsc,"cloudcomputing"service,sInnovationandDevelopmentChina,,,thegovernmentdepartmentshaveinTheresearchanddevelopmentofbasicsoftwareproducts,includingbothcoretechnologiesandsomekeygenerictechnologies,,i,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheNationalPlanfortheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~"coreelectroniccomponents,high-endgeneralchipsandbasicsoftwareproducts"asoneofthe16majorresearchprojectsandenvisagedhea,,,ownedorsupportedbygovernmentdepartments,,whichhavebeentransformedintoenterprises,,,manyalliances,establishedwithgovernmentsupport,yImplementedChinasregiopatentedsoftware,insupportoftheNationalProgramontheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~%respondentsbelievegovernmentprocurementpolicyhasbeenfullyimplemented,%believethepolicyisnottrulyimplemented,%eignproducts;somegovernmentsareslowinupdatingprocurementcataloguesandunabletokeepupwiththelatestmarketinformationaboutproductqualityandprices;,,corporatelitigationcostsareveryhigh,,theoutsourcingofinformationandbusinesshts,customersare,andgovernmentdepartmentsfaincernandfearaboutbusinessoutsourcingandimpededthedevelopmentofthesoftwareindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo210,2012(Total4212)alCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,Chinahasmaderemarkableprogressinissuesrelatingtoagriculture,soverallagriculturalproductivityhasincreasedsubstantially,farmerslivingstandardshavebeensignificantlyraised,importantheadwayhasbeenmadeinmodernizingagricultureandbuildingsocialistnewruralareas,andthebalancebetweenvelopmentwasatitsbest,,achievementsrelatingtoagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersaremainlydemonstratedinthefollowingfiveaspects:,Chinasgrainoutputhasincreasedcontinuouslyfor9years,,,,oil,sugar,meat,eggsandmilkhavemadeanewbreakthrough,aincomeDuetothecombinedeffectofvariousfactors,,theaverageannualgrowthhasexceeded8%.Farmersincomestructureexperiencedremarkablechanges,withthesourcesofincomegrpercapitanetincomeincreasedfrom36%in2005to41%in2010;between2005and2010,theaveragecontributionofwageincometofarmers%.Ruralmigrantworkerscontinuouswageincoincomegrowthandimprovementinruralmarketcirculation,andunderthenationalpolicytospurruralconsumption,ruralconsumptiondemandrosesignificantly,andfarmers,thetwoexemptionsandonesubsidypolicy(liesfrompayingtuitionandmiscellaneousfees,andtoprovidelivingsubsidiesforboarders)concerningruralcompulsoryeducationhasbeenfullyimplement,thethreesystems,namelythenewruralcooperativemedicalsystempilotedin2003,theminimumsubsistenceallowancessystemfullyestablishedin2007andthenewruralpensionschemepilotedin2009,realizedfullcoveragein2012;othersocialsecurityschemessuchasruralfiveguarantees(,clothing,housing,medicalcareandburialexpensesforold,weak,orphaned,widowedordisabledruralresidentswhoareunabletoworkandhavenofamilysupport.)alsorapidlydevelopedandadvanced;withtheimplementationofgovernmentresponsibilityinruralresidentssocialsecurity,wishesoverthepastthousandsofyears,,beingprovidedforatoldage,beingproperlytreatedwhenill,andbeingassistedwhileindifficultcircumstances,,notableprogressismadeinconstructionofwater,electricity,roads,,benefitingfarmers,andenrichingruralareasFirstly,inordertoguaranteefoodmarketsuppliesandsecuregraingrowersbenefits,theStatehasi,inresponsetothepricedecreaseanddifficultsaleofcertainagriculturalproducts,temporaryprocurementandstoragemeasureshavebeentakenforcorn,soybean,,,the,subsidycategorieshaveextendedtopaddyrice,wheat,corn,rape,cotton,potatoes,peanuts,highlandbarley,pigs,,subsidiesforgrowingimprovedvarietiesofpaddyrice,wheat,,inordertoaccelerateagriculturalmechanization,subsidiesforpurchaseofagriculturalmachineryandtoolswereestablished,farmerswhopurchasedadvancedagriculturalmachineryandtoolswouldbegrantedsubsidies,andcategoriesofsubsidizedagriculturalmachineryandtoolskeptincreasing,,thecentralgovernmeofagriculturalcapitalgoodssuchasfertilizeranddiesel,in2006,thecentralgovernmentofChina,,,whichplayedasignificantroleinmobilizingfarmersinitiativetogrowgrainsandinpromotingcontinualannualincreaseingrainproductionandfarmersincome,,fromthepilotmeasuresmadein2000tooverallimplementationin2003andthentothecompleteabolishmentofagriculturaltaxin2006,ittook6yearsfortheagriculturaltaxreformtoterminatethe2600-year-oldpracticeofpayinggraintaxtothegovernment.Concomitantreformsoftownandtownshipgovernmentbodies,ruralcompulsoryeducation,countyandtownshipfinancialmanagementsystem,,ruraldebtdissolution,,in2004,gra,thereformintenureofcollectiveforestsmademajorbreakthroughs,andthereformgoalsofclearlydefiningthepropertyrightsan,ovincialgovernments,thefirststageofmanagementsystemreformwentthroughsuccessfullyforruralcreditcooperatives,nomicsectors,includingfarming,forestry,livestockhusbandry,side-occupation,fishery,theirrelatedproductions,processingandcommercializationactivities,,,significantprogresswasmadeinprotectingruralmigrantworkers,majorlawsandregulations,includingGuidelinesoftheStateCouncilonSolvingMigrantWorkersProblems,EmploymentPromotionLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,LaborContractLaw,SocialInsuranceLaw,LaborDisputesMediationandArbitrationLawandsoon,havebeensuccessivelypromulgated,andamendmentshavebeenmadetoRegulationsonWork-relatedInjuryInsurance,sothataproperlegalframeworkwasformedtoaddressruralmigrantworkersd,andmigrantworkersaccesstovocationalskilltraining,employmentguidance,socialsecurity,andsuchservicesaseducationoftheirchildren,familyplanning,diseasepreventionandsoonhavebeensignificantlyimproved.

ByQinZhongchun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo179,2012(Total4181)sCultivatedLandResourcesSincethereformandopeningup,Chinaseconomicandsocialprogresshasdevelopedcontinuouslyandrapidly,,Chinahasat,arelativelycompletepolicysystemhascurrentlycomeintobeingand,withthelandmanagementlawastheprincipalpart,thesaidsystemtakestheoverallplanforlandutilizationandtheutilizationcontrolasthemeansandadoptsastheinstrumentsthebasicfarmlandpreservationsystem,therequisition-compensationbalancesystem,thelanddevelopment,rearrangementandreclamationpoliciesaswellasthecultivatedlandpreservation,dlandresourcesandsuchmeasuresarebeingmadeincreasinglystrict,basicsupplyofcultivatedlandresourcesforfoodproductionandforothercropproductionsisafoundationforhandlingtherelationshipsbesedbytherapidexpansionofindustrializationandurbanization,Chinahasimplementedarigorouscultivate,Chinahasunveiledregulationsrestrictinganyw,thegovernmenthasformulatedandimplementedtheOverallPlanforLandUtilization,(15mumakeonehectare)ofarablelandbytheyear2020,andhastakenthisobjectiveasa"redline"thatmustbedefendedtenaciouslyandbroughtittoeffectineveryyear,atpresent,thecultivatedlandresourceshavebeenwellpreservedonthewhole,andthesupplyofarablelandresourcesforfoodsafetyhasbeenbasicallyguaranteed,,thankstothepreservationofthecultivatedlandresources,Chinasgrainacreagehasmountedupsteadily,andthecountryendedonthestate-formulatedOverallPlanforLandUtilization(2006~2020)tomapout,theyhavedrawnupvariouskindsofplansincludingregionaldevelopmentplansandurbandevelopmentplpreservation,theprovincesandmatedlandresourcesTherequisition-compensationbalanceofcultivatedlandresourcesisoneofthemostimportantmanagementmeasu,remarkableresultshavebeenachievedunderthesystem,notonlyprovidingvaluablespacefortheaccelerationofurbanization,butalsoeasingtoacertainextentthepressurecausedbynon-agriculturallan,thenati,200millionmuoflandresourcesofvarioustypeswererearranged,reclaimedanddevelopedwithgreatefforts,andthearablelandresourceswereincreasedby31millionmu,,betteringtheconditionsforagriculturalproduction,suchasfieldirrigationworks,networksofforestsandroads,improvingthequalityofthearablelandresourcesandlayingasol,currentlyvariouslocalitiesareseekingself-balanceormakinglandadjustmentwithotherlocalitiesmainlythroughexploitationofunutilizedlandonamassivescale,throughrenovationofsomepoorarablelandresourcesavailableinruralareasandthroughsupplementationandincreaseofarablelandresourcestoprovidelandquotasfornon-ag,inaccordancewiththepolicyof"supplementingarablelandresourcespriortolandoccupationforconstructionpurposes","supplementingthearablelandresourcesequivalenttothoseoccupiedfornon-agriculturalconstructionpurposes"and"makingarequisition-compensationbalance",relevantdepartmentsoflandandresourcesofvariouslocalitiesmakeinvestigationsandsetuplandrearrangementprojectsand,inthelightofthestate-issuedarablelandoccupationplansfornon-agriculturalconstructionandthearablelandsupplementationplans,,organizetheconstructionoftheprojectsaccordingtotheconstructionprojectmanagementmeasuresandexercisesupervision,ementedarablelandandimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarableland,:First,theyhavepeeledthearablelayersoffthelandoccupiedbynewly-increasedroadsandditchesinthefieldsforconstructionworks,thefarmlandoccupiedbycentralvillagesorcompactcommunities,andslopelandrenovatedintoterracedfields,andmovedthepeeled-offfertilesoiltonewarablelandtoimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarablelandandincreasethesoilfertility;second,throughcomprehensiveimprovementofthefields,waterresources,roads,woodsandvillagesintheprojectareas,theyhaveimprovedmedium-andlow-yieldfields,renovatedslopelandintoterracedfields,transformeddampfieldsandbuiltdrainageandirrigationcanalsandditches;andthird,basedonthestandardof100yuanforeachmuofnewly-increasedarableland,theagriculturaldepartmentshaveconductedsoil-testingformula-fertilizationintheprojectareasand,tomeettherequirementforagriculturalindustrializationafterthecompletionofprojects,haveputforwardsoilimprovementreportsandhavetestedthesoilimprovementaftercompletionoftheprojects.

HouYongzhi,ZhangJunkuo,ndrivedevelopmen,witht,beingetion,Chinausedgrowthpolesstrategyeitherconsciousl,Chinaresortedtoadministrativeinterventiontomobilizehuman,materialandfiscalresourcesanddevelopregionally-significan,Chinacultivatedthreeinternationally-importantgrowthpoles,namelytheYangtzeRiverDelta,thePearlRiverDeltaandtheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiRegion,bycreatingspecialzones,openingupcoastalcities,establishingeconomic-technicaldevelopmentzonesandh,Chinacultivatedahostofgrowthpolesacrossthecountry,drivingregionalessuccesksinregionaleconomicdevelopment,Chinashouldcontin,thecentralgovernmenthasintr"fullytapthecomparativeadvantagesofvariousregionstopromotetherationalflowoffactorsandtheorderlytransferofindustriesbetweendifferentregions,cultivatenewregionaleconomicgrowthpolesinthecentralandwestregions,andbettercoordinateregionaldevelopment".Incultivatinggrowthpoles,,Chinashallbeunabletoobtainthedesiredresultsandoptimizethecountry,Chinaneedstofullyunderstandtheimportanceofformingnewgrowthpolesanddefineprinciplesandmeasuresforthedistribution,cultivationanddevelopmentofnewgrowthpolesinordertoservethefundamentalneedsofall-roundnatatingthechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopmentisthemainlineofthe12thFive-YearPlan,entofregionaleconomies,bual,onemainmoveistospurdomesticdemandsoastoformapatterninwhichinvestment,structureconstruction,aprocessofaccelerateddevelopmentofthesecondaryandtertiaryindustries,andaproc,,rawmaterials,equipmentmaking,estment,roptimizingandupgradingindustrialstructure,,,transformandupgradeindustrialstructurewithinexistingregionalspaces,andtheotheristoacceptind,,thesecondwaycan,thechangeofthemodeofdevelopmentwillbecomea"castleintheair".Withtheconcentrationofeconomicandhumanactivities,humananevitablycreatenewideas,newtechnologiesandnewproducts,,regionalgrowthpolescanalsobecomeindispensable"relaystations"fornewideas,conceptsandtechnologi,Chinaseastregionhasformedmanymajorgrowthpolesduetohistoricalandcurrentreasons,naturalandculturalreasons,,providedlocalpeoplewithm,China,whicharefavorablylocatedandhavehighresourceandenvironment,regionaldevelopmentequityha,Chinamustpayhigherattentiontothisissueopedcoast,asthefiscalresourcesofvariousplacesarecloselylinkedwiththelevelsoftheireconomicdevelopment,thedisparitybetweenvariousplacesineconomicdevelopmentdetermin,whilethecultivationofnewgrowthpolescanspeedupthedevelopmentinunderdevelopedregions,itcanalsohelppursueregionalequalizationofpublicservices. …Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByBaShusong,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo17,2013(Total4266)Recently,withbankfinancialproductsbecomingahotspottopicinChina,,thedefinition,connotationandmeaningoftheshadowbankinggivenbytheinternationalfinancialcirclearecloselylinkedwiththeeconomicandfinancialstructures,differentstagesoffinanciald,managingdirectorofPacificInvestmentManagementCompany(PIMCO),,theinternationalf:ScopingtheIssues,aresearchreportpublishedbyFinancialStabilityBoard(FSB)inApril2011,shadowbankingrefersto"asystemofcreditintermediationthatinvolvesentitiesandactivitiesoutsidetheregularbankingsystem,andraisessystemicriskaswellasregulatoryarbitrageconcerns."Factorsfortheshadowbankingtotriggersystemicrisksmainlyinclude:maturitymismatch,liquiditytransformation,arly,thestructuresoftheshadowbankingarevariedduetothevarietyoffinancialstructures,differentdevelopmentstagesoffinancntermediationsystemconductedthroughriskdiversificationandleverageenlargementcenteredonsecuritizationofmoneymarketfundssuchasinvestmentfundsandinvestmentbanks,whereasshadowbankinginEuropemainlyincludespresentfinancialsystemlikethoseholdingadominantpositionihadowbankingfromdifferentperspectivestocorrespondtothepresentChinesefinancialmarket,whichgenerallyincludesfourscopes:thenarrowestscope,whichmakesshadowbankingtoonlyinvolvebankfinancingbusinessandtrustcompanies;thenarrowscope,whichinvolvesbankfinancingbusinessandsuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsastrustcompanies,financecompanies,autofinancingcompanies,financialleasingcompaniesandconsumerfinancecompanies;thewidescope,whichinvolvessuchform-basedbusinessasthenarrowscope,inter-bankbusinessandentrustedloans,aswellassuchnon-bankfinancialinstitutionsasfinancingassurancecompanies,petty-loancompaniesandpawnshopsandsoforth;thewidestscope,ttentionandiscurrentlythemostprevalent,namely,thenon-bankfinancialinstitutionssuchasbankfinanropeandtheUnitedStatesBasedonabove-mentioneddefinitionandfeaturedescription,andinlinewiththeperformanceoftheshadowbankingsystemintheinternationalfinancialcrisis,scopingtheshadowbankingshouldmainlyincludethefollowingthreeaspects:First,whethe,shadowbankingintheUnitedStatesandEurope,suchasthehedgefund,hadnotbeenmonitoredtothefulland,propelledbysuchfinancialinnovationsascounterpurchaseandassetsecuritization,suchinstitutionshadconstantlyexpande,whethershadowbankingischaracterizedbymaturitymismatchandhigh-leverageoperation,,theshadowbankingliabilitiesintheUnitedStatesandEuropewerefocusedonshort-termwholesalefinance,suchastheinter-banklendingandcommercialbills,butinvestmentsweremadeinprotractedandpoorlymobileassetssuchasassetsbackedsecurities,,thebalancesheetsofthemajorUSinvestmentbankshadexpandeddrastically,evenwiththeaverageleveragescoringa40-foldincreaseorsoand,duringthecrisis,theferociousde-,whethershadowbankingisofrelevanceandinfectiousness,,theshadowbankingsystemhadcorrelatedwiththecommercialbankingsystembymeansofbusinesscontactandequityinvestmentinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,spreadingthecrisis-incurredrisksquicklyfromtheshadowbankingsystemtothetrad,althoughthedrivingforcebehindtheemergenceoftheshadowbankingsysteminChinaisbasicallyaimedattheregulatoryarbitrageandisalsocharacterizedbyliquiditytransformationandcreditrisks,andalthoughsomeriskcontrollinksshouldbestrengthened,theshadowbankingsystemhasbeenbroughtundertheregularsupervisionsystemonthewholeandisnottypicallycharacterizedbythehighleverageandthematuritymismatchthatmaytriggersystemicrisksand,meanwhile,thesizeofthesaid,,thebankfinancialproductsfallwithinthestatisticalrequirementsenforcednowbysupervisiondepartments,theperformanceofthefinancialproductsissuedbycommercialbanksshouldbesubmittedtosupervisiondepartmentsatregularintervals,andtheparticularsofthefinancialproductsshouldalsobesubmittedtmmercialBankspromulgatedin2005andtheMeasuresonManagementofSalesofFinancialProductsofCommercialBanksimplustcompanies,includingaccessmanagementandcapitalregulation(MeasuresonManagementofNetCapitalofTrustCompanydemandsthatthetrustcompaniesnetcapital-to-riskcapital-ratioshouldsurpass100%).ConstrainedbysuchrulesandregulationsastheMeasuresonManagementofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theProvisionalMeasuresontheAssessmentofIndicatorsMonitoringRisksofFinanceCompaniesofEnterpriseGroups,theMeasuresfortheImplementationofAdministrativeApprovalsforNon-BankFinancialInstitutions,theMeasuresonManagementofAutoFinancingCompaniesandthePilotMeasuresonManagementofConsumerFinanceCompanies,thesupervisioncompanies,withreferencetotheregulatoryrequirementsovercommercialbanks,havesetupacompletesetofprud,Chinasshadowbankingsystemindependentlyandrelevantinformationshouldbedisclosedfullytomatcheverysumoffundswithcorrespondingassetsandtoenableeachearningstocovertherisksonthewhole(AccordingtoWinddata,theanticipatedannualrateofreturnonbanks%,%,andwithinthesame6-monthperiod,%%respectively;accordingtoSB,anAmerican-fundedsecuritytrader,onlylessthan10%ofthefinancialproductsyieldaninterestratehigherthan5%).Hence,risksoffinancialproductsshouldbebasicallyclosetothoseofsimilarinvestmentproductsiseway,thetimelimitforover90%oftheassetsisgenerallywithin5years,andthedegreeofm,currentlytrustcompaniesinChinashouldnotoperateonborrowingsandcannotgiveloanstobankseither,,thetrustfundsarebeingoperatedinaseal-offway,,highleverageandmaturitymismatcharenotthefeaturesofthetrustfunds....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.尊宝备用在线Note:Dishiddeninordernottodisclosethedataaboutspecificenterprises.*islowerthan500,:USBureauofEconomicAnalysis:http:///.eswhentheyinvestintheUnitedStates,largeChineseenterprisesspecializinginforeigntradeandindustrialtrade,,someenterprisesbegantopurchasethebrandsandmarketingchannels,computermakerLenovopurchasedthepersonalcomputerbusinessoftheIBM,andtheQinchuanMachinerypurchasedtheUnitedAmericanIndustries,,it,whenHaierestablishedplantsintheUnitedStates,itsstrategicgoalwastogainafootholdintheUnite,wh,computer,chemical,bio-pharmacy,veforresearch,developmentandinnovation,ithasattractedChine,LenovoestablishedaresearchanddevelopmentlaboratoryintheSiliconValleyin1992inordertoordertoboostitstechnologicalstrengthinthefieldsofopticaltransmission,,suchastheCITIC,theytransferredproduction,WanxiangGrouppurchasedtheUSSchelerCompanyinthebeginningofthiscenturyandthentransferredtheproductionofallSchelerproductstoitsfactoryinChina,whileusingtheSchelerbrandtosellthemintheUnitedStates.

凯旋门074下载app送彩金信誉:春色美景如画!

ca88 BBIN糖果派对凯旋门074下载app送彩金ZhaoJinping,HuJiangyunFangJinDuetotheimpactoftheEuropeandebtcrisisandtheslowglobaleconomicrecovery,Chinahasseenitsexportgrowthdecliningmonthaftermonthsincethebeginningofthesecondhalrstandthedifficultiesandproblemsconfrontingenterprises,weconductedanemergencyquestionnairesurveyonover100enterprisesin20citiesacrossthecountry,isesfacediversedifficulties,arefairlydownbeataboutexportgrowthinthenextyear,andhopethegovernmentwilltakemoreactivemeasurestostabilizetheexchangerageofRenminbi,containtheexcessgrowthinpricesandlaborcosts,increasepolicy-orientedfinancialloans,,includingShenzhen,Guangzhou,Dongguan,Foshan,Xiamen,Ningbo,Suzhou,Nanjing,,54%,61%,%wereinthePearlRiverDelta(Table1).Table1ScaleandLocationofSurveyedEnterprises(%)ByTianJietang,ResearchTeamof"TransformingGrowthModelthroughTechnologicalAdvanceandInnovation",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicsResearchofDRCResearchReportNo205,2010ChinassoftwareindustryinrecentyearshasbeendevelopingexceptionallyfastandplayingimportantrolesinChina,thisindustrysdevelopmentalsoplaysirreplaceablerolesinenhancingindustrialinformatizationasElectronicInformationIndustryDuetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryin2009metdifficultiesindevelop%to5,%to2,,China%%%industrialshare,thesoftwareindustryhasbecomethemostpowerfwthIn2009,,%%sservicetradeexportpostedadramaticdecline,its,up35%,a10,000-square-meterlandspacecanattract1,000softwareengineersinindustrialbuildingsorinstandardpla,,whichisequivnassoftwarei,,theaverageprofitrateofChinassoftwareenterprisesisonly7%~8%,whichisfarlowerthanthe20%,thecorebusinessrevenueoflistedenterprisesaccountsforonly10%~15%ssoftwareserviceindustryasawholeis20%,whichisalsofarlowerthanthe40%profitrateinsomecountrieswheresoftwareindustryismature(quotedfromInvestinSoftwareIndustryWhenProspectsAreGoods,ChinaGuoxinWeeklyonTechnologicalIndustry,2008,9,1).TheInternationalDataCorporation(IDC),thesecondstageprojectmanagement,the,China,,andnearly70%~(IDC,WhitepaperonSoftwareCompanyGrowthRoadmap,2008,9).dustryCloudcomputingwillchange,itbreaksthetemporala,storage,broadban,theratioofasinglecomputerssystemsoftwareandintermediarycomponentsc,"cloudcomputing"service,sInnovationandDevelopmentChina,,,thegovernmentdepartmentshaveinTheresearchanddevelopmentofbasicsoftwareproducts,includingbothcoretechnologiesandsomekeygenerictechnologies,,i,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheNationalPlanfortheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~"coreelectroniccomponents,high-endgeneralchipsandbasicsoftwareproducts"asoneofthe16majorresearchprojectsandenvisagedhea,,,ownedorsupportedbygovernmentdepartments,,whichhavebeentransformedintoenterprises,,,manyalliances,establishedwithgovernmentsupport,yImplementedChinasregiopatentedsoftware,insupportoftheNationalProgramontheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~%respondentsbelievegovernmentprocurementpolicyhasbeenfullyimplemented,%believethepolicyisnottrulyimplemented,%eignproducts;somegovernmentsareslowinupdatingprocurementcataloguesandunabletokeepupwiththelatestmarketinformationaboutproductqualityandprices;,,corporatelitigationcostsareveryhigh,,theoutsourcingofinformationandbusinesshts,customersare,andgovernmentdepartmentsfaincernandfearaboutbusinessoutsourcingandimpededthedevelopmentofthesoftwareindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

ByWuZhenjun,DRCTaskForceonPoliciesofIssuesofAgricultureResearchReportNo32,oductsBygivingplaytothecharacteristicsoftheresourcesandadvantagesoftheproductivebasesofitsdifferentregions,theprovinceofYunnanhasgivenscashcropsreached42millionmuin2010(15mumakeonehectare)andanoverallarrangementofrawmaterialbasesofcompetitiveagriculturalprod,theprovincehascementedandenhanceditscompetitiveindustrieswithtraditionalcharacteristics,suchastobacco,,,000tons,rank,~~20milliontons,withboththecultivatedareaandtheoutputmakingup16%orsoofthenationaltotal,,,%ofthenationaltotal,rankingtopinthecountry,andtheteaoutputhadreached207,000tons,%ofthenationaltotal,,theprovincehasacceleratedthed,thecultivatedareaofflowersinYunnanreached581,000mu,rankingfirstinthecountry,andtheoutputoffreshcutflowersrankedtopinthecountry,,thecultivatedareaofcoffeeinYunnanreached646,000mu,withaproductionof49,000tons,makingupmorethan99%and98%recentyears,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationhasincnhavebeenbroughtupandtheg,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationreached2012inYunnanandthenumberofvariouskindsoffarmproduceprocessingenterprisesabovethedesignatedsizereached1,omeinvolvedindistinctiveandcompetitiveindustries,fosteringenterpriseclusterswithdistinguishingfeatures,theto,344foreignenterprisesandover400enterprisesfromotherprovinceshavecometoYunnanforcultivation,breedingandprocessingofagriculturalproducts,whichwillfurtherpromotetheoveralllevelofthelorganizationlevelThenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationshasincreasedrapidlyinYunnaninrecentyears,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationswidelyscatteredinvariousagriculturalindustries,suchastobacco,sugarandcoffee,hadincreasedto10,,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalcooperativesregisteredatindustrialandcommercialauthoritieshadincreasedto7,lightoftheguidingprincipleof"VigorousGovernmentMotivation,CorrectMarketGuidance,ImpetusbyLeadingEnterprisesandActiveParticipationbyFarmers",theprovinceofYunnanhasdevotedmajoreffortstostartingtheconstructionofagriculturalstandardizationsyste,Yunnanhadformulatedandpromulgatedatotalof1,152localagriculturalstandardsandcriteria,,Yunnanhasconstructedatotalof134standardizationdemonstrationprojects,chcompetitiveanddistinctiveagriculturalindustriesascoffee,silkworm,flowers,youngforestplantsandspiceoil,,Yunnandevelopedatotalof4,658tobaccocooperativesand240,000productionhouseholds,,%oftheprovincialtotal,andrealized100%,suchprefecturesandmunicipalitiesasLincang,Dehong,PuerXishuangbannaandWenshanofYunnanhavevigorouslydevelopedsugarcanecultivationvillagesandteams,,,with57cultivationvillagesand154teamsbuilt,ofwhich,,coveringanareaof434,000mu,%.sputfortheffortstoadvancetheconstructionofthefarmproducecirculationmarket,improvedthemarketservicefunctions,initiallysetupthemodernfarmproducecirculationplatform,enhancedtheefficiencyoffarmproducecirculationandresolved,toacertainextent,thedifficultyfacingfarmers,cooperativesandagriculturalenterprisesinmarket"buyingandselling".Firstly,,Yunnanhassetupanaccumulativetotalof15,,Yunnanhadsetup213,000ruralcommercialnetworksunderthecountyleveland2,600farmersmarketshavebeenlistedasthestate-level"Double-HundredMarketProjects"(therenovationof100large-scaleagriculturalproductswholesalemarketsandthecultivationof100agriculturalenterprisesforcirculation-notesaddedbythetranslator).Yunnanhasinitiallyformedthemarketsystemwithwholesalemarketsplayingtheleadingrole,regionalmarketsasthemainstay,urbanandruraltrademarketsasthebasisandlarge-,,rmproducecold-chainsystem,theretraceablequalitysafetysystem,logisticsanddistributioncenters,inspectionandtestingcenters,safetymonitoringcenters,sewageandwastetreatmentcenters,,Yunnanha,thecommercialdepartmentsofYunnanhaveactivelyorganizedandstartedtheconnectionofagriculturalproductswithsupermarkets,enablingmorefarmproducecirculationenterprises,farmersco-operativeorganizationsandsupermarketstoparticipateintheaforesaidconnection,soastoimprovetheefficiencyinfarmproducecirculation.ByDengYusong,ResearchTeamon"SystemsandPoliciesforStable,andContinuedDevelopmentofChinasHousingMarket",InstituteofMarketEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo19,2012 Inrecentyears,Chinahasunveiledaseriesofrealpropertyregulatorypoliciestoholdbacktheexcessivelyfastriseofho,viewsvaryatpresentamongpeopleabouthowtodeterminethereasonablelevelofhousingprices,thusmakingitnecessarytodiscussandstnationalexperiencesrevearatioThehousingprice-to-incomerati,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioiscurrentlyamainindicatoradoptedbymostcountrie:theratiobetweenthem:theratiobetweenth,thehousingprice-to-incomeratiohasitsbiggestshortcominganddifficulty,theChinesescholarshaveoftenused"4to6times"as"internationalstandard".Yetinfact,aslevelsofeconomicdevelopment,populationstatusandresourceendowmentofvariouscountriesarequitedifferent,thereisno-incomeratiosbetweenvariouscountries(Seethetablebelow).Nevertheless,themaximumhousingprice-to-incomeratiohadbeennomorethan5timesbeforetheUSsub-primelendingcrisisbrokeout,beingstillwithintheso-calledvaluationrangeof"internationalstandard"of"4to6times".Substantially,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioreflectstherelationndifferentcountriesandregions,itisinevitablef,levelofeconomicdevelopment,systemandenvironmentindifferentcountriesandcities,thereisnosensehorizontallycomparingsuchratiosofdifferentcitiesinasimplewayandtheobjec,astheirresourceendowmentiscertain,theaverageofyearsratioscanroughlyreflecttheprotractedpricerelationshipsbetweenlandandlaborforce,whereas,oncetheratiodeviatesfromtheaverage,thenitsignifiesthatunus,theUShousingprice-to-incomeratiobegantoevidentlygethigherthanitshistoricalaveragelevelafter2004,theUSrealestatemarkethasbeenrestructuredsubstantiallysince2008,thenatpresenttheUShousingprice-to-(Groupedasperhouseholdincomelevel)

凯旋门074下载app送彩金平台:医务人员鼓掌为市民加油!

ByDengYusong,InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo147,2012Keepingcommodityfactors,itisaboveallnecessarytostabilizethepricefluctuationcyclethroughmacroeconomiccontrolandconductall-round,timelyandaccuratemonitoringofpricesand,onthebasisofthis,takemoreproactiveandrelevantpolicymeasuresaccordingtomajorfactorsthathaveaneffectonpricechanges,icelevelisacomprehensivereflectionoftheoperationofnationaleconomy,andoneofthe,thegovernmentsofvariouscountriesandrelevantresearchinstitutionsattachgreatimportancetothemonitoring,,whentheprice,especiallyCPI(consumerpriceindex),fallswithinthemildrangeof0-3%,theriseismoderate;whentheCPIrunsbetween3%and5%,therewillbeobviouslygrowingattentiontothechangeofprice;andwhenthepricerisesover5%orisnegativegrowth(),inflationcontrolordeflationpreventionwillgenerallyberegardedasanimportantgoalofmacroeconomiccontrol,an,thekeytothemonitoringandearlywarningofcommoditypricesistomakeproactivejudgmentonpossibleunusualfluctuations,whichmakesitnecessarytoconductall-round,timelyandadequatemarketmonitoring,rovedbydrawingoninternationalexperienceFirst,weshouldfurtetpricessurroundi,withmanygovernmentagenciesincludingtheNationalBureauofStatisticsofChina(NBS)aswellassomesocietiesandnon-governmentorganizationsmonitoringpricesofcommoditiesofvarioussorts,thescopeofpricemonitoringhascontinuouslyexpanded,,Chinaspricemonitoringhasacertaingaptobridgeinsuchaspectsasmonitoringscope,,itissuggestedthatwe,ascountriesliketheUnitedStatehavedone,shouldfurtherimprovethepricemonitoringandrelatedsystems,establisharelativelyregularmonitoringreportingsystem,specifytheareastobecovered,monitoringpointsandvarietiesofgoodstobemonitored,andconductpricemonitoringinanuninterruptedmanner,withaviewtocorrectlycomparingpricechangesindifferentperiods,accuratelyestimatingthetrendinpricechangesandprovidingall-round,accura,weshouldfurtherstrengthenpricesCPIandPPI(producerpriceindex)changesinthepast,anunusualfluctuationincommoditypricesisgenerall,thedrasticfluctuationinhogpricehasanimportantinfluenceonCPIfluctuation,whilechangesinpricesofbulk,tomonitorandgiveawarningagainst,thepricefluctuationinagriculturalandlivestockproductssuchashogsismoreobviouslyaffectedbysupplychanges,while,amongmacroeconomicindicators,priceisalaggedindicator,andthepriceofanycommodityatanypointin,tomonitorandgiveawarningastopricesofmajorcommodities,itisnecessarytoshiftmonitoringprioritiesforward,findoutprimaryfactorsaffectingthechangeofcommodityprices,identifyrelatedindicatorsfromthesefactorsand,bymonitoringtheseindicators,,Chinahasinitiallyestablishedmonitoringsystemsforsomemajorcommodities;forexample,regularmonitoringisconductedonlivestockproductssuchashogsintermsofprice,thenumberofbreedingstockandthenumberofhogsforsale,etc.,andsuchbulkcommoditiesascoal,steelandrefinedoilarealsomonitoredastoprice,stemsformajorcommoditiesand,onthebasisofpricemonitoringinparticular,paymoreattentiontomonitoringsomeimportantindicatorsaffectingthesupplyanddemandofmajorcommoditiesbyshiftingmonitoringprioritiesforward,,,thecountryspricemonitoringremainsinadequatecoverage,monitoringinformationhasyettobeimprovedintermsoftimelinessandcontinuity,andiartmentsandagenciescannotbereleasedinatimely,all-roundandcontinuousmanner,theaccuracyofpriceanalysis,tionreleasesystemsandespecially,specifythereleasesystemonmonitoringinformationbygovernmentdepartmentsan,andKeepMonetaryPolicyStableAmongmajorfactorsaffectingcommodityprices,,aleadingproponentofthemonetaristschoolofeconomics,maintainedthattheremaybemanyreasonsforshort-term,andandthenproducesmajoreffectsonrealeconomy,,,andattheoperationallevel,whetherornottoadjustmonetarypolicyrequiresattentiontoices,thechangeofmonetarysupplyalsohasasignificantinfluenceonthatofcommodityprices,,majorandminoradjustmentsinmonetarypolicywillproducedifferenteffectsoncommodityprices,andadrama,themorenoticeabletheaccumulativeeffectofmonetarypolicyisanduenceonprices,itissuggestedthatwhenmonetarypolicyisadjusted,considerationbegiventodiverseobjectives,andaneutralmonetarypolicybeimplementedbyconsideringbothshort-termandlong-termeffectsofthepolicy.

博乐36MG不朽情缘游戏ByChenXiaohongWangHuaiyu,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-EnterpriseRelationsforStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstitute,theDRCThispaperfirstpointsoutthatChinasintellectualproperty(IP),throughco-operationbetweenthegovernmentandenterprisesinimprovingtheIPsystem,e-innovationTheOutlineforChinasStrategyofIntellectualProperty(abbreviatedtoOutline),thefirstoneofitskindpromulgatedinJune2008bytheStateCouncil,hasdepictedthestatusquoofChinassystemofintellectualpropertyanditsapplicationandputforwardtheguidelines,strategictargetsandprioritieslaiddowninChinasstrategyofnimportantcontributiontotheformationofChinasstrategyofintelle,sinceChinassystemofintellectualpropertyhascomeintobeingforashortperiodoftimeandrelevantresearchhasbeeninadequate,ndentintellectualpropertyareinferiorinChina,peoplehadtofindoutwh,theOutlinealsoholdsthat"policiesandmeasuresrelatedtointellectualpropertyinlinewithnationalconditionsshouldbeadoptedvigorouslytoboostnationaldevelopment".Intermsofnationalcondition,exceptfortheemphasisontheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrightsinspecialareas,otherconspicuousmeasureandmethodshavenotbeenlaiddownintheOutlineItisattributabletothelessanduncleardiscussionoverthestatusquoandstrategisofthethenChineseenterprisesortechnicalinnovationandalsoduetothelessunderstandingoftheselectableplansforstrategiesandsystemofllectualproperty,itwil,withoutdefiniteandclearsolutionstotheproblems,itwillstillbehardtohaveacommonunderstandingofthetybasedontheguidingideologyconduciveto"re-innovation"yindependentand,ifChinascommitmentmadeatitsaccessiontoWTOisarestrictiveterm,thisformationmustbeinlinewithChinasnationalconditions,andespeciallyconformtoandcoordinatewiththestatusquoanstrategyoftechnicalinnovations(orinventions),technicalinnovationstrategiesandsignificanttechnicalinnovationstrat,,suchas20oreven30yearsinthefuture,icalsourceofothers,whichisknownastheenhancedinnovation(includingmajorenhancedinnovations).IntegratyconductedbyChineseenterprisesaremainlysecondaryinnovationorre-innovationandthatthesecondary-innovation,inthecontextoftheglobalizedmanufacturingindustry,willremaintheimmediatechoicefortheimprovementoftechnologiesforChina,arenownedJapaneseeconomist,wroteapaperin1999holdingthatuptothe1990simportantindustrtedinthesameyearalsofranklyimportedbasictechnologiesfromUSAandEuropeancountriesandhasimprovedthetechnologiesandusedperfectcapabilitiestomakenecessaryenhancementoftheproductionsites".EvenamongsevencategoriesofstrategicrisingindustrieslistedbyChinaandtobedevelopedin23direction,mostareindustrieswithtechnologiesfromdevelopedcountriesandareevensuccessfullycommercialized,withafewnumberofindustrialtechnologiesremainingunripe,butforeigncountriesaremostlytak,notonlyinChina,butevenindevelopedcountriessuchasUSA,ategicimportancetoChinasinnovationsatitspresentdevelopmentstageandinlightofChinafintellectualpropertyonthebasisofdefiningthebasicfeaturesandstrategiesoftechnicalinnovation:Weshouldnotonlystrengthentheprotectionofintellectualpropertyofsuperiorobjectsandshouldallthebetterpayspecialattentiontotheencouragemlogicalprogressinindustriesneedingcontinuousandintegratedinnovation,strengtheningmotivation,supportandapplicationofre-innovationshouldbeanimportantresearchtopicforChinasstrategyofintellectualpropertyandbeanimportantorientationforthereadjustmentofChinatheprotectionoforiginalinnovation(orinvention)butislayingspecialemphasisonmotivatingthere-inventor(technicalinventor)whenbalancingtherighsystemofintellectualpropertyisinclinedtowardsoriginalinnovators(technicalinventers)andtheJapndregulationsgivingimpetustore-innovation,theinterrelationsbetweentherulesandregulationsandthemethodsofapplication,,thispaperwillnotdealwiththerelationsbetweenoriginalinventionandre-inventionindetail,butstillwantstopointoutthatpayingattentiontore-inventionorsecondary-innovation,asshownbyJapaneseexperience,willnotimpaistemofintellectualproperty(includingcoordinationwithrelevantsystems)shouldsupportandprotectre-innovationisvirtuallystressingthatthedesigningofthesystemshouldconformtrom"abusingtheiradvantages"bycapitalizingontheirforwardinventionsandintellectualpropertytohamperChineseenterprisesfromd,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,andruralsocialundertakingshavebeendevelopingrapidly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByXuXiaoqingZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo133,2011Thepilotprojectonregionalmanagementoffarmproductquali,meetthequalitativerequirementofexportfarmprodu,theprovincehasmadetangibleachievementsinintroducingthere,theprovincehasmovedfromemphasizingthequalityandsafetyofexportfarmprodu,theregulatorysystemonfarmproductqualityandsafetyhasbecomesousRegionalManagementofQualityandSafetyofExportFarmProductsIn2006asJapancomprehensivelyintroducedtheaffirmationtableofagriculturalchemicalresiduesinfoodproductsandastheEuropeanUnionintroducedanewactonfoodsafetyandhygiene,thefoodandfarmproductsexportedbyChinawerefound,throughtesting,,China,about70%wererelatedtothepollutionarisingfromtheresiduesofpesticides,,theinspectionandquarantinebureauofShandongProvincebegantointroduceinthecityofAnqitiveandtestresources,tightenedtheoverallmanagementofpesticidesandanimaldrugswithintheregion,standardizedtheplanting,breeding,production,processing,supervisionandmanagementoffarmproducts,,theprovinceofShandongpopularizedthisregionalmanagementmodelto,theprovincialgovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelinesonAcceleratingtheBuildingofringtotheworkingmechanismfeaturinggovernmentleadership,departmentalinteraction,corporaterolesandmarketoperation,thedemonstrationareasadopteda"five-in-one""five-in-one"modelhighlightedthemainrolesofenterprises,thedependenceonbases,thefocusonstandards,,theagriculturalchemicalinputcontrolsystem,thequalityandsafetytraceabilitysystem,themonitoring,evaluationandwarningsystem,thecorporatequalityandsafetycreditsystem,ources,noillegalinputs,nomanagementblindspots,,,itintegratedforeignanddomesticmarketssothatmoreinternationallyqualifiedfarmp,regionalmanagementshiftedfromemp,theprovincesetanoverallrequirementforregionalmanagement:enforceinternationalstandards,integrateforeignanddomesticmarkets,buildShandongbrands,hainsupermarketssoastofullytaptheirrespectiveadvantages,widenmarketingchannelsfordemonstrationareas,andguidesupermarketstoestablishdirectprocurementbasesinoductQualityandSafetyThankstoyearsofefforts,theprovincehasintroducedtheregionalmanagementmodelonfar,24oftheseadministrativedivisionshavebeencertifiedasthe"demonstrationareasforthesafetyofexportfoodandfarmproducts".In2009,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationbegantointroduceShandong,theexperiencehasbeenpopularizedin261county-leveladministrativedivisionsinChinas27provinces,mendedbytheStateQualityandQuarantineAdministration,,,1,,coveringvegetables,meatproducts,aquaticproducts,fruits,sdemonstrationareas,theoverallqualityandsafetyoffarmproductshasimproved,w%,thenotificationsbyforeigncountriesoverthesafet,theresiduesofpesticidesandanimaldrugsin2010were66%,Shandong,up30%stotalfarmpro,thequalityoffarmproductssuppliedtodomesticmarketshasvisiblyimproved,,theprovincehasestablishedmorethan50enterprisestopairdemonstrationareaswithsupermarkets,morethan4,000directfarmproductprocurementbases,,,thefarmproductsproducedinWeihaienteredtheprocurementnetworksoftheJapaneseAeon,theSouthKoreanLotteandothermultinationalcompanies,,gingersawitsproducerpricerising100%anditsexportpricerising43%,,appleexportrevenuerose2,,,"RedFuji"apple,wascertifiedasgreenfood,~,theprs.

凯旋门074下载app送彩金ByWangWeiLiuTao,DRCTaskForceon"IssuesFacingSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises:CountermeasuresunderNewCircumstances",2011Theservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesisasystemfortheseenterprisestogainaccesstosuchfactorresourcesasinformation,fundsandtrainedpersonnelaswellasrelevantproducerservicesinthecourseofestablishing,lopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesandisalsoamainchannelforthegovernmenttoimplementpoliciestowardsmallandmedium-dmedium-sizedenterprisesSincetheguidelineon"nurturingtheservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises"wasputforwardatthe4thPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteeheldin1999,Chinahas,throughaseriesofsupportivepolicies,setupaninitialframeworkoftheservicesystemwiththestate-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesasthemainstayandgovernment-supportedsocialintermediaryserviceagencies(tradeassociations,chambersofcommerceandnonprofitorganizations)amajoragenciesinthecectservicefunctionsofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesbythegovernment,suchagencieswereestablishedwithgovernmentfunds,whichprovidedservicestosmallandmedium-siz,therehadbeen525state-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesacrossthecountryandabout1/3ofprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitieshadsetuptheserviceagenciesattheprovincial,,thestate-ownedserviceagencieshavealsojoinedhandswithmorethan4,000socialized,,thenumberofcreditguaranteeinstitutionsforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesreached5,547,,,theinformationservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshasexpandedfromanationalstationin2000to47provincialstationsand949subsidiarystations,ope,,thecentralgovernmenthasmadeatotalinputofapproximately180millionyuanandcompletedthefreecentralizedtrainingof300,000persons,thelong-distancenet-basedtrainingof500,,thecentralgovernmenthasmotivatedlocalgove,,thece,providingsupportfor522serviceagenciesandofferedservicesto119,,,thecentralgovernmenthasarrangedthebudgetaryspecialfundsandspecialdevelopmentfundsfortheservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestotaling500millionyuanandsupported238constructionprojectsconductedinregionsa,23provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshaveprovidedfundsupportfortheconstructionandoperationoftheplatformswithanearmarkedfundof480millionyuanand1,,relevantfacilitationshaveb,theStatesetupthe"InternationalMarketExploitationFundforSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises"tosubsidizesuch,theChinaInternationalSmallandMediumEnterprisesFairhasbeenheldatregularintervals,furtheringtheconstructionofthecont,theStatehasalsoactivelyinitiatedandencouragedlargeenterprisestosetuprelativelystablecoordi,theservicesystemhasalsoachievedprogressintermsoflegalserviceandmanagementconsultingandhasfacilitatedthedevstemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesWhenadvancingtheconstructionoftheservicesystem,alllocalitieshavemadeinnovativeexplorationsofservi,innovationsaremadeonmodeoforder-basedpurchaseofservicesbysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,namely,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesplaceordersthroughquestionnaires,,thestate-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesorganizefinesocialresourcestooffertherightspecialservicesand,innovationsaremadeonmodeofserviceconnection,servicealliancesorspecializedsupermarketsaresetupforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,professionalserviceagenciesofcreditguarantee,managementconsulting,technologypopularizationandtaxationagencyareselectedtorealizethelinkageofsmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithexcellentserviceresourcesandtooffer,agenciesofthistypehaveservedanaccumulativetotalofmorethan600,000smallandmedium-sizedenterprises.ByZhaoChangwen,,2011Therecentfinancingdifficultyconfrontings,thisfinancingdifficultyhasbecomeamajorfactorthatmayaffe,weconductedasweeping,wehavethefollowingviewsoverwhetherthemonetarypolicyshouldbeadjustedtoeasethisfinancingdifficulty:ationofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,ainlycomesfromthefactthatinfaceofhigh-levelinflationandstronginflationexpectation,thedrasticallyrisingcostshavesharpenedthecontradictionbetweentherapidgrowthofthefinancingdemandandthelimitedgrowthofthefinancingsupplycapacityandthuswidenedthedebtfinancing"gap".So,,thefinancingsupplycapacityshouldbeexpandedandthefinancingdemandshouldbecontainedsothatthe"financinggap",ducedbyTightMonetaryPolicyCurrently,thefinancingdifficu:One,smallandmedium-sized,thisdifficultyhasbeenrepeatedlyreportedbyvariousmediaan,theReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011pointsoutthat"Theobjectivedifficultyforlarge,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquireloanswillgrowindifferentdegrees."OursurveyconductedinthecitiesofHangzhou,Suzhou,Chengdu,DalianandQingdaoallindicatethatover80%ofrespondententerprises,smalland,sIndustrialEconomyin2011,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnologynotesthat"Theoverallcostforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquirebankloanshasrisenatleast13%."TheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011alsoindicatesthat"Theinterestrateoftheloansgrantedbyfinancialinstitutionstonon-financiale%inJune,"Accordingtoasurveyreport,entitledTheCurrentFourPhenomenaofSmall-BusinessFinancinginFaceofMacroRegulationDeserveAttentionandpreparedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,mostbankinginstitutionsinacentrally-administeredmunicipalityhaveraisedtheirbenchmarkinterestrateby20%~30%andsomeofthemhaveevenraisedtherateby50%~60%.Meanwhile,,consultingfee,releasingloansonthebasisofdepositdeductionandothermethods,theyhaverealizedanoverallreturnrateforsmallbusinessloansthatisnolessthan40%um-sizedenterp,privateusuriousloanshavebecsBankofChina,89%%enterprisesinthecityofWenzhouhavebeeninvolvedinprivatefsPrivateFinancingMarket%inJune,%smallenterpris,themonthlyinterestratewasashighas15%.InthecitiesofXiamenandShishiinFujianProvince,severalenterpr,somepeoplecitetheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011andmaintainthattheactualfinancingdiff"AttheendofJune2011,thebalanceoftheRMBloans(includingbilldiscount),%,,%yearonyearand9percentagepointshigherthantheaveragegrowthrateofallloans."donotandcannotaccuratelyreflecttherealfinancingdemandofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesorthesizeofthesupply-demand"gap".Infact,weknowfromoursurveythatafterthefinancialcrisis,manysmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshaverapidlyexpandedproductionandoperation,adjustedproductstructureandcarriedoutindustrialtransformationinordertomeetingtheneedofmarketcompetition,andt,,wecannotsimplytakethegrowthofbankloanbalanceasanindicationof"afurtherimprovementofthefinancingconditionsoftheseenterprises".Therehavebeenmanyexplanationsaboutthe:Note:BasedonChinaStatisticalYearbooks,,wecandrawthefollowingbasicconclusions:First,intermsofthedirectionoftransfer,,,sevenareintheeastregion,fiveareinthewestregion,,sevenareinthewestregion,fiveareinthecentralregion,threeareintheeastregion,,ShanghaiandBeijingarethetwoprovincespostingthemostprominenttaxrevenueinflowandShandongand(thisreportdefinesasahighdegreeofdeviation,asthemediandegreeofdeviation,andasthelowdegreeofdeviation),,Beijing,Shandong,Henan,Zhejiang,Hunan,HebeiandJiangsu(intheorderofdeviationdegree).Inparticular,Shanghai,Beijing,ZhejiangandJiangsuaretheprovincespostingnetinflow,andthedegreesofnettaxrevenue,thedegreeoftaxrevenue-taxsourcedeviationtendstowidenonthewhole,withthetaxrevenueflowmajorregionsinthepastfiv%%,thedegreeofdeviation(inabsolutevalue)ofthreeothermajorregionsalsorose,,thewestregionpostedthemostdramaticrise,xratesandtaxsourcestructuresaretakenintoaccount,wediscoverthattheabove-saiddegre,thebasictrendoftaxreven,theydonothavesubstantialimpactsontheresultsofempiricalanalysis....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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